It was inaugurated in 1987, once the rescue work directed by archaeologist Roberto Matos Moctezuma, from 1978 to 1982, was completed. To my mind, this was one of the best objects on display. The museum building was built by architect Pedro Ramírez Vázquez, who envisioned a discreet structure that would blend in with the colonial surroundings. Tenochtitlan was the most important city in the Aztec, or more properly Mexica, empire and with a population of between 200,000 and 300,000, one of the largest cities in the world when Hernan Cortés arrived in 1521. If you want to see actual standing temples you need to go to Teotihuacan just outside the city. Note: This information was accurate when it was published, but can change without notice. This is the Cuahxicalli Eagle, a representation of a golden eagle with a bowl in his back for receiving the hearts of human sacrifices. Matos Moctezuma oversaw the creation of the Templo Mayor Museum in which these spectacular finds are displayed, and he directed the Museum for many years. The neighborhood is home to 476 hotels and other accommodations, so you can find something that works for your stay. Before going down the steps that lead to the entrance to the site make sure to check out the series of outdoor models that depict first the entire area around ancient Lake Texcoco with Tenochtitlan on an island in the centre of the area. I have to wonder as I look around at all the families who are here with small children, how many are going to be having nightmares tonight. Those ruins are amazing, huge and nearly perfectly built. We’ll find out what happened to Coyolxauhqui once we get inside the museum. It was built in the 14th century in honor of the Aztec god of war and god of water. Templo Mayor Museum hotel reviews, photos and virtual tours Thanks to photos and virtual tours, you can look before you book your Templo Mayor Museum hotel reservation. These standard bearers may represent three of the 400 siblings of Coyolxauhqui, the Moon Goddess, who conspired with her to prevent the birth of Huitzilopochtli, the future god of war. These two wonderfully carved stone masks are not originally from Tenochtitlan, but believed to have arrived here as tribute. Strolling along the walkways built over the site, visitors pass a water-collection conduit constructed during the presidency of Porfirio DÃaz (1877-1911), as well as far earlier constructions. For a city so large, its somewhat surprising that many of the most popular tourist destinations are all within walking distance of each other in the Centro Histórico. What you see are the remains of pyramids that were covered by the great pyramid the Spaniards saw upon their arrival in the 16th century. The Templo Mayor Museum was opened in 1987 and has eight main galleries, the first four on the site of the Huitzilopochtli temple and the last four on the TlÄloc side. The Templo Mayor was the principal religious site of Tenochtitlan and the scene of the horrific human sacrifices that have left the Mexicas with a reputation as bad as the Nazis and probably deservedly so. It has a level of detail and an element of horror at what its purpose was, that is fixating. “Hi, my name’s Mack and I’ll be the one cutting out your heart and disembowelling you. Museo del Templo Mayor (Templo Mayor Museum) Tours. The Museum at Templo Mayor, the ancient Aztec temple that lies just behind the Cathedral, has opened a new exhibit that features the most recent discoveries at Teotihuacán. What remains of the Aztecsâ Great Temple (Templo Mayor) sits right in the middle of Mexico City, but many tourists miss it. Starting in at the Huitzilopochtli galleries you get another gruesome scene of multiple sculptured skulls, all found on site, that make up the Cranium Nail Wall. In revenge her newly born brother killed her by throwing her off a mountain where her body broke into many parts. Needless to say, just like with the Greek titan Cronus trying to prevent the birth of Zeus, it didn’t work. In between there is a great lobby that stretches up four stories. The entire area is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. I’m sure both the Mexicas and the Catholic church thought they would rule the area for time immemorial and who knows what the future will bring. The Templo Mayor is dedicated just to understanding and exploring the center, and to some great extent, the empire, of Mexico-Tenochtitlan. The museum and ruins are open Tuesday to Sunday (closed Mondays) from â¦ El museo del templo Mayor esta muy bonito también, cuenta con 8 salas y muchos relatos sobre la cultura mexica pre-hispanica. Templo Mayor – Mexico City’s Aztec Centrepiece. Muse De Templo Mayor - A temple of Museum in Mexico City, Mexico. Inside the door, a model of Tenochtitlan gives a good idea of the scale of the vast city of the Aztecs. A place with one star is worth a lookâafter all, it made the list. Overview. Photo: Wikimedia, CC BY-SA 2.0. To enter it, take the walkway to the large building in the back portion of the site, which contains fabulous artifacts from on-site excavations. This horrible looking creature is Mictlanecuhtli the God of Death and a Meso-American version of Hades, ruling over the underworld. Started around 1430 and enlarged by successive Mexica rulers, it probably looked like this from around 1502 so it was only in its full glory for about two decades before Cortés destroyed it. A Spanish soldier named Andrés de Tapia claimed the rack held tens of thousands of skulls âplaced on a very large theater made of lime and stoneâ¦ many heads of the dead stuck in lime with the teeth facing outward.â It is one of the most important archaeological sites in Mexico and should be on every visitor’s list of places to see in Mexico City. The Templo Mayor was first constructed in the reign of Itzcoatl (r. 1427-1440 CE), improved upon by his successor Motecuhzoma I (r. 1440-1469 CE), and again enlarged during the reign of Ahuitzotl (r. 1486-1502 CE). They are on the Tlāloc side of the Templo Mayor and because of their affinity for water, associated with the rain god. Our experts personally appraise each choice Major excavations by Mexican archaeologists followed, and they uncovered interior remains of the Pyramid of Huitzilopochtli, also called the Templo Mayor (Great Temple) -- the most important religious structure in the Aztec capital. I’ll be posting on that site later in this trip. Here you will find displays of the artifacts discovered during within the temple ruins, including the monolith of the moon goddess Coyolxauhqui, as well as obsidian knives, rubber balls, jade and turquoise masks, reliefs, sculptures and many other objects that were used for â¦ In 1991, the Urban Archeology Program was incorporated as part of the Templo Mayor Project whose mission is to excavate the oldest area of the city, around the main plaza. Note especially the Tzompantli, or Altar of Skulls, a common Aztec and Maya design. Tenochtitlan The Aztecs founded their capital on an island surrounded by lakes in the Valley of Mexico; they called it Tenochtitlan (the place of the nopal cactus). The Spaniards were simply blown away, not only by its size, but by the beauty and majesty of the many temples and palaces of which Templo Mayor was the crown jewel. The pathway tends to wind from one side of the front of the Templo Mayor to the other so you get figures like the frogs related to Tlāloc and then the standard bearers on the Huitzilopochtli side and back again to this figure which is clearly on the Tlāloc team. No need to register, buy now! Home › Destinations › Templo Mayor – Mexico City’s Aztec Centrepiece. While the Spanish did burn, pillage and create mayhem on a scale that seems unimaginable today given their pathetically small numbers, they could not erase all traces of the Templo Mayor. Templo Mayor (Great Temple) is an Aztec temple recently discovered in the heart of modern Mexico City. Non-flash photography is permitted. 1987 saw the creation of the Urban Archaeology Program (directed by Matos) in which excavations in downtown Mexico City were expanded beyond the immediate site of the Templo Mayor. Explanatory plaques with building dates are in Spanish. Find the perfect templo mayor museum stock photo. 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