45 sentence examples: 1. A lawsuit seeking a judgment to be enforceable specifically against an individual person. 353 (1844), the U.S. Supreme Court held that for the purposes of the case at hand, a corporation is "capable of being treated as a citizen of [the State which created it], as much as a natural person." [8] The United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 16 advocates for the provision of legal identity for all, including birth registration by 2030 as part of the 2030 Agenda.[9]. For the concept in computer science, see, Extension of basic rights to legal persons, John Dewey, “The Historic Background of Corporate Legal Personality,” Yale Law Journal, Vol. The non-human entities given the "legal person" status by the law "have rights and co-relative duties; they can sue and be sued, can possess and transfer property". L.J. Dial-A-Law: A starting point for information on the law in British Columbia in 130+ topic areas. To have legal personality means to be capable of having legal rights and duties within a certain legal system, such as to enter into contracts, sue, and be sued. In a lawsuit in which the case is against a specific individual, that person must be served with a summons and complaint to give the court jurisdiction to try the case, and the judgment applies to that person and is called an "in personam judgment." The concept of a juridical person is a fundamental legal fiction. A prominent component of relevant case law is the Supreme Court decision Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission, which ruled unconstitutional certain restrictions on corporate campaign spending during elections. Support our campaign: http://dana.io/get-up-off-the-couch3. definition of JURIDICAL PERSON (Black's Law Dictionary)", "New Zealand river granted same legal rights as human being", Birds to holy rivers: A list of everything India considers “legal persons”, http://origin.www.supremecourt.gov/docket/08-205.htm, "The Historic Background of Corporate Legal Personality", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Legal_person&oldid=995351539, Articles with dead external links from May 2012, Short description is different from Wikidata, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from July 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Legal personality is a prerequisite to legal capacity, the ability of any legal person to amend rights and obligations. 7. a person whose status is protected by or in accordance with law. Have you, as a Christian, ever been accused of legalism? DePaul Business Law Journal, Spring/Summer 1994. person acting in the trader’s name or on the trader’s behalf.” The definition of “person” will include natural and legal persons, as per Solomon v Salomon [1897] AC 22 a company would qualify as a “person” for the purposes of this act. The easiest-to-read, most user-friendly guide to legal terms. In canon law, the doctrine of persona ficta allowed monasteries to have a legal existence that was apart from the monks, simplifying the difficulty in balancing the need for such groups to have infrastructure though the monks took vows of personal poverty. A legal code is a written code of laws that are enforced. 314, 329, 14 L.Ed. 2. [28], In Act II, Scene 1 of Gilbert and Sullivan's 1889 opera, The Gondoliers, Giuseppe Palmieri (who serves, jointly with his brother Marco, as King of Barataria) requests that he and his brother be also recognized individually so that they might each receive individual portions of food as they have "two independent appetites". 953 (1854). [22], Under the Indian law, the "shebaitship" is the property owned by the deity or idol as a "legal person". This effectively moved such liability to persons acting within the organization while protecting the structure itself, since persons were considered to have a soul and therefore capable of negligence and able to be excommunicated. A person, for legal purposes, is generally more broadly defined to refer other than just a natural person. Legal issues and our rights aren't always clear, though, so let's take a look at the most important ones that might affect you. n. 1) a human being. A court while deciding the "Animal Welfare Board of India vs Nagaraja" case in 2014 mandated that animals are also entitled to the fundamental right to freedom[23] enshrined in the Article 21 of Constitution of India i.e. The company is an artificial personality or person and has its own life, existence, duties, obligations and liability, etc. In the United States, there are two kinds of attorneys - "transactional" attorneys who write contracts and "litigators" who go to court. [26] As a result, because of the First Amendment, Congress may not make a law restricting the free speech of a corporation or a political action group or dictating the coverage of a local newspaper,[27] and because of the Due Process Clause, a state government may not take the property of a corporation without using due process of law and providing just compensation. 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