Canine flu is thought to spread mainly among dogs through respiratory droplets produced during coughing and sneezing from infected dogs, or through contact with contaminated surfaces. This “dog flu” is an upper respiratory infection much like the one we experience. Not all dogs experience symptoms, and, most of them recover within a few weeks. Human infections with novel (new, non-human) influenza A viruses against which the human population has little immunity are concerning when they occur because of the potential that a pandemic could result. Like when the H1N1 flu virus jumped from swine to humans in 2009, sparking the influenza pandemic that killed an estimated 150,000 to 600,000 people, from 2009 to 2010, and a few cats, as well. Therefore, dog owners whose dogs are coughing or showing other signs of respiratory disease should not expose their dog to other dogs or to cats. To keep pets safe, more pet care facilities are requiring Dog Flu vaccinations for all dogs, similar to requirements for Bordetella–another highly contagious pathogen that causes respiratory disease. Clothing, equipment, surfaces, and hands should be cleaned and disinfected after exposure to dogs showing signs of respiratory disease. There are two different influenza A dog flu viruses: one is an H3N8 virus and the other is an H3N2 virus. "There are attempts to restrict influenza virus in pigs through vaccination and one could consider vaccination for dogs.". Stein Mart’s Future Looks Digital With New Buyer, Australia Exits First Recession In Almost 30 Years, Success Is Really About Being Happy – And Hiring Happy People, The POLITICS of EMPOWERMENT in American Business, Delta REALLY Loves Their Customers – And CEO Ed Bastian Is a Big Reason Why! The strain of flu virus that causes infection in dogs is a mutated horse virus. Here's why claims about it triggering a human … DOGS could end up spreading a deadly influenza among humans and spark a Spanish flu style pandemic which could kill millions. Pet owners should distance themselves from their pets when sick, Glaser recommended. Can canine influenza viruses infect people? This is now considered a dog-specific, or canine, H3N8 virus. CDC twenty four seven. Fluids are also pivotal to a dog … Like human forms of influenza, dog flu is airborne. Human touch: hands of pet owners, veterinary clinic staff or shelter workers; Prevention Keeps Them Safe. Scientists fear … To keep pets safe, more pet care facilities are requiring Dog Flu vaccinations for all dogs, similar to requirements for Bordetella–another highly contagious pathogen that causes respiratory disease. Dogs could trigger a flu pandemic among people in the future, a new study revealed Tuesday, raising concerns among dog lovers. Almost all dogs are susceptible to canine flu infection, and virus infection tends to spread among dogs housed in kennels and shelters. Human touch: hands of pet owners, veterinary clinic staff or shelter workers; Prevention Keeps Them Safe. These viruses are different from those that cause the flu in humans. In fact, there are two specific types of flu viruses that can cause the flu, or canine influenza, in dogs. How does the issue of canine influenza apply to dogs imported into the US from other countries? The percentage of dogs infected with this disease that die is very small. They do have their own contagious respiratory disease called Canine Influenza. Move their bed into a quiet place such as a spare room so your dog will be able to enjoy peace and quiet all day long. It is a disease with a high morbid It is extremely infectious between dogs, but there is no evidence that dogs can give it to people or cats, or indeed that the human flu virus can be passed to dogs. Human infection with a novel influenza A virus of animal origin is reportable to CDC; no human infections with canine influenza viruses have been reported to date. You will be subject to the destination website's privacy policy when you follow the link. The strain of flu virus that causes infection in dogs is a mutated horse virus. A dog passing their illnesses onto humans is comparatively rare but possible. This is highly unlikely since, according to the CDC, it would take a sizable cell mutation for a human infection from a dog CIV to infect you. Make Sure That They are Drinking. Additionally, at this time there is no evidence that canine influenza affects humans nor that it has pandemic potential. Dogs also can’t get the same type of flu as humans, but they can get canine flu. Where did canine influenza viruses come from and how long have they been around? Canine influenza (also known as dog flu) is a contagious respiratory disease in dogs caused by specific Type A influenza viruses known to infect dogs. About 2-3 days after infection, your dog will develop a persistent cough, often accompanied by sneezing, a … Because the influenza virus mutates rapidly, it is certainly within the realm of possibility that, someday, a strain of flu that spreads between humans and dogs will evolve. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. For dogs, this is an almost purely respiratory illness (unlike human versions which can include the stomach flu). A kennel cough is the most obvious example of this, as this condition spreads around dogs as quickly, easily and ruthlessly as the common cold does among humans. Your veterinarian can provide additional information about these vaccines and whether you should consider vaccinating your dog. H3N2 canine influenza viruses were first detected in the United States in April 2015, and has now been found in more than 30 states. Like when the H1N1 flu virus jumped from swine to humans in 2009, sparking the influenza pandemic that killed an estimated 150,000 to 600,000 people, from 2009 to 2010, and a few cats, as well. To prevent the pets from contracting the flu, it is necessary to keep them away from sick dogs. newly emerging pathogen in the dog population, Influenza A Virus (H3N8) in Dogs with Respiratory Disease, Florida, April 2015 Chicago H3N2 canine influenza outbreak, Update on Canine Influenza (Dog Flu) Outbreak Reported in Chicago Area, Influenza A Virus (H3N8) in Dogs with Respiratory Disease, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (NCIRD), Influenza A Subtypes and Species Affected, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. There are two strains of the virus that causes dog flu (Influenza Type A): H3N8 and H3N2. In 2016, CDC used the Influenza Risk Assessment Tool to evaluate the potential pandemic risk of canine influenza H3N2 viruses and found it to be low. Both primarily infect the respiratory system and are extremely contagious. WHAT IS DOG FLU? However, for now, you can rest assured that no cases have been transmitted from dogs to humans. No. Influenza affecting dogs are different from the human strains and when these new strains jump to humans, the immune systems — which have no experience of these unknown pathogens — fail to protect the body. Researchers found flu strains can jump from pigs to dogs and could affect humans as they spend a lot of time with their pets. Both of these canine influenza viruses (H3N8 and H3N2), are now considered endemic in dogs in the United States. Your veterinarian can tell you if testing is appropriate. As in humans, these may cause diarrhea in cats and dogs, or they may have no symptoms. "The United States is free of avian influenza because every time avian influenza has been detected in poultry in this country, the chickens or turkeys are culled and eliminated from circulation," Garcia-Sastre explained in a news release. They are starting to interact with each other. Though dogs don’t have any natural immunity to the bug, the good news is that most pups who contract the flu will usually only have a mild version. Saving Lives, Protecting People. A dog passing their sickness onto their pooch playmates, however, is very, very common. H3N8 equine influenza (horse flu) viruses have been known to exist in horses for more than 40 years. Where can I find more information on canine influenza viruses? However, CDC is doing a number of things to be prepared in the unlikely event that canine influenza becomes a threat to humans or to animals other than canines. In general, canine influenza viruses are thought to pose a low threat to people. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) Veterinary Services (VS) has animal health requirementsExternal related to bringing (importing) a pet dog to the United States from a foreign country. The symptoms are relatively similar to flu in humans but have a different cause. The 1918 flu caused an abnormally high number of deaths, possibly due to it provoking a cytokine storm in the body. Third, CDC conducted a risk assessment on the pandemic potential of canine H3N2 viruses using the Influenza Risk Assessment Tool, and found it to be low risk. The usual symptoms of gastroenteritis in dogs include vomiting and diarrhea, though a range of other digestion-related symptoms may also occur. Vaccines to protect dogs against both H3N8 and H3N2 canine flu are available in the United States. How is the Flu Different in Dogs and Humans? "The diversity in dogs has increased so much now that the type of combinations of viruses that can be created in dogs represent potential risk for a virus to jump to a dog into a human. Dogs can get the stomach flu in different ways than people. To date, there is no evidence of spread of canine influenza viruses from dogs to people and there has not been a single reported case of human infection with a canine influenza virus in the U.S. or worldwide. What are signs of canine influenza in dogs? Pet owners should distance themselves from their pets when sick, Glaser recommended. In this study, we identified influenza viruses jumping from pigs into dogs," study author Adolfo Garcia-Sastre said. The findings, published June 5 in the journal mBio, highlights the need to take steps to limit the circulation of flu viruses in dogs. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. Exclusive Q and A with IBT's Social Capital team. No, Killer Dog Flu Isn't the Next Human Pandemic A study about a new strain of canine influenza made waves this week. These same protocols would be followed in the event of an outbreak of canine influenza with suspected human infections. CDC works closely with other federal agencies to protect U.S. borders against diseases in humans that are carried by animals and animal products. Dogs could trigger a flu pandemic among people in the future, a new study revealed Tuesday, raising concerns among dog lovers. The symptoms are similar to what we see when we get the flu. Symptoms of the dog flu are similar to those we humans know so well. These viruses are different from those that cause the flu in humans. Testing to confirm H3N8 and H3N2 canine influenza virus infection in dogs is available. Some dogs have asymptomatic infections (no signs of illness), while some have severe illness with infection. DOGS could end up spreading a deadly influenza among humans and spark a Spanish flu style pandemic which could kill millions. The Spanish flu was an unusually severe and deadly strain of H1N1 avian influenza, a viral infectious disease, that killed some 17 to 50 or more million people worldwide over about a year in 1918 and 1919. CDC can require a veterinary examination at the owner’s expense for dogs that appear sick, or a necropsy (animal autopsy) for dogs that are dead upon arrival in the United States. Dogs that are exposed to many other dogs and canines in outbreak areas are also considered prime candidates for vaccinations, Collins says. "We now have H1N1, H3N2 and H3N8 in dogs. Current CDC influenza virus regulations apply only to viruses with pandemic potential in people. An investigation showed that this respiratory illness was caused by equine influenza A(H3N8) viruses. Second, CDC and USDA APHIS VS have existing collaborative protocols to work together in the event of outbreaks of novel influenza A viruses. Cats and dogs can suffer from colds and flu – just like humans; they experience sneezing, fatigue and a discharge from the nose and eyes. Dogs could trigger a flu pandemic among people in the future, a new study revealed Tuesday, raising concerns among dog lovers. Canine influenza (also known as dog flu) is a contagious respiratory disease in dogs caused by specific Type A influenza viruses known to infect dogs. Multiple agencies may have regulatory authority over pets such as dogs and cats when they enter the United States. "In our study, what we have found is another set of viruses that come from swine that are originally avian in origin, and now they are jumping into dogs and have been reassorted with other viruses in dogs," added Garcia-Sastre, the director of the Global Health and Emerging Pathogens Institute at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York City. It has now been detected in dogs across much of the United States. For everyone’s sake, still maintaining your pet’s good health and hygiene can go a long way in keeping both your family and your pet happy and healthy. If your dog is exposed to the virus that causes dog flu, the chances of catching it are “close to 100%,” Crawford says. Dogs with the flu may have cough, runny nose, fever, eye discharge and reduced appetite and playtime. Here's why claims about it triggering a human … Therefore, the disease is rapidly transmitted between individual dogs. 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2020 dog flu in humans